Home Pregnancy Tests: Everything You Need to Know
With the internet and social media, there is a lot of pregnancy test myths and fiction. You may also find tons of pregnancy test myths. Before we delve into the facts, let’s clear the rumours about getting pregnant.
Pregnancy tests entail looking for a hormone present in the blood or urine called Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. Many people believe that to begin testing, they need to wait until you first miss your period. While that is the case with typical brands, our advanced Home Pregnancy Tests (HPT) will allow you to begin testing a few days before you miss your period- approximately seven days after ovulation. testing early such as 3DPO,4DPO or even at 6DPO can lead to incorrect and misleading results.
Pregnancy test myths
Some people believe that they can’t get pregnant the first time they have intercourse. However, the truth is that you can conceive the first time you have sex.
Another common myth is when people believe that it is difficult to get pregnant during your period or the last day of your menstrual cycle. On the contrary, it is possible to get pregnant when you have a short cycle, experiencing light vaginal bleeding outside your period or the presence of sperm in your reproductive tract as sperm can survive up to five days in your body. The chances of getting pregnant are very low but still possible to get a big fat positive (BFP) on an early pregnancy test.
Some people believe that one can only get pregnant when the penis enters the vagina fully. Penetration will indeed increase the odds, but you can also get pregnant when ejaculation occurs near the vaginal opening.
Lastly, there is a fiction that nursing mothers can’t become pregnant. While nursing reduces the reproductive hormones, which decreases the odds of becoming pregnant, it is possible to get pregnant while breastfeeding.
Additional facts on pregnancy and trying to conceive
Have you been wondering how pregnancy tests work? They determine pregnancy by detecting the presence of Human chorionic Gonadotrophin (hCG) in the urine. The hormone is produced by the developing once a fertilized egg implants on the uterine lining. That makes Human chorionic Gonadotropin the most suitable and reliable marker to determine pregnancy.
There are two main types of home pregnancy tests:
• Tests strips also known as HPT, pregnancy strips and hCG tests
• Midstream tests which can also be referred to as in-stream pregnancy tests
A Strip Test requires you to fill a container with urine and hold the strip in the container for 15 seconds. On the other hand, midstream tests require you to hold the test in your stream of urine for about 15 seconds or until the adsorbent tip has collected enough of a urine sample.
It is vital to read pregnancy test instructions, FAQ and testing tips before embarking on a home pregnancy test. For example, you are likely to find a more concentrated hCG urine sample in the morning, making it easier for you to detect pregnancy sooner. Besides, flushing your body with liquids before collecting urine samples can dilute the presence of hCG.
Test results interpretation
Immediately after the test’s reaction time is complete, you will see colour bands appearing in the midstream or strip test control and test line regions.
All pregnancy tests have a ‘control’ to ascertain the accuracy of the test. The test band will either indicate a positive or negative result. With conventional testing and interpretation procedures, positive results are depicted by a faint line in the test region. However, it is crucial to reconfirm the results using first-morning urine 24-48 hours later.
Early pregnancy tests: when do I begin testing?
With our Fertility2Family tests detecting as low as 10 mIU (international units), it is possible to detect low levels of HCG with our sensitive pregnancy tests. That level of HCG is in pregnant women’s urine approximately 7-10 days after ovulation. You will know when to begin pregnancy testing if you use a basal thermometer for fertility charting or using an ovulation predictor kit (OPK). There is a correlation between test sensitivity and early detection, and the lower the number, the faster a test will detect pregnancy.
The pregnancy tests we offer here at Fertility2Family are the one of most sensitive in Australia, and they can detect pregnancy from samples with 10 mIU/hCG. To detect pregnancy early, it is recommended that you use the morning urine as it contains the most concentrated levels of Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin. Don’t forget to learn more tips from our FAQ.
To what extent is a Home Pregnancy Test Accurate?
Results from a home pregnancy test (HPT) are very accurate. Our tests and all reputable HPT sold in Australia have been registered and approved for quality through the TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration) and are more than 99% accurate. With correct procedures and observing test-taking tips, you are guaranteed more accurate results. Make sure you check the expiration dates! Our pregnancy tests exhibit a 48 -60 months expiration date which is the maximum allowable.
Using a pregnancy test too early in your cycle may not necessarily bring positive results as the pregnancy hormone concentration is low. Most HPT are accurate approximately two weeks after ovulation.
Negative results can indicate that you are not pregnant, you ovulated later than you thought or had complications with the pregnancy that may have lead to a chemical pregnancy. Carry out another HPT test after a few days or a week if the results turn negative. If you continue getting negative results and think you are pregnant, consult your physician as soon as possible.
Faint line on a Home Pregnancy Test
As long as you interpret attest within the test’s reaction time (5 minutes), a faint line colour band indicates positive results. However, we strongly advise you to take a confirmation test using morning urine the next day.
Other reasons why you may see a faint line include
• Taking the test too soon when there is an insufficient amount of hCG in the urine. If this happens, wait for 24 hours to carry out the test again.
• Test sensitivity threshold. Different brands have unique guidelines, and you should not generalize tips from one brand to the other.
• Dilution of the urine sample. Frequent urination or consumption of liquids can flush the body and compromise the urine. That’s why we recommend using a first-morning sample.
• Evaporation lines can occur when the urine has moved over the test window and left a faint colourless indent, and it resembles a water spot.
What is a chemical pregnancy?
Sometimes you can detect a pregnancy in the early stages and then followed with a negative result. A chemical pregnancy occurs when there fertilized egg implants on the uterus’ lining but is followed by a miscarriage before. It is important to note that hCG is produced after egg implantation and not with conception.
What can tamper with a Home pregnancy Test?
Pregnancy tests should not be affected by medications, both prescribed and over the counter medications. However, fertility medications with the pregnancy hormone can give a false-positive result such as Novarel, Ovidrel, Pregnyl. Medications with hCG are used to treat infertility. If ovulation testing is conducted early on a woman taking Clomid, it may bring about false positives on an LH test. However, Clomid does not affect typical pregnancy tests. Alcohol and substance abuse does not affect HPT results. Stay away from these substances, especially if you are trying to conceive.