5 DPO Symptoms: When to test for early pregnancy
When you continuously track your TTC journey, it is normal to be hyper-aware of changes in your body. During this time, everything feels like a sign. Waiting for two weeks to take your home pregnancy test in the hope of seeing positive pregnancy results can feel like an extremely long time, 5 DPO many changes are occurring so keep reading to find out the signs and symptoms of 5 DPO.
Regardless of having enough knowledge about ovulation symptoms, you also need to understand what happens inside your body 5 days past ovulation. This will help you know to make informed decisions particularly if you intend to take an early pregnancy test.
Let discuss what happens at this stage and what to expect if you decide to take a home pregnancy test at 5 DPO. Remember to always use a high-quality pregnancy test kit whenever you need to check if you are pregnant.
What is happening to your body at 5 DPO?
Every month the lining of your uterus thickens in preparation for implantation to accept the fertilized egg. This process is made possible by the corpus luteum, a structure that replaces the ruptured follicle (whose function is to release an egg in the ovary) through a process known as progesterone production.
Progesterone production continues after fertilization of the egg to support the growth of the fetus and your pregnancy. High progesterone levels may look like early pregnancy symptoms and, in most cases, are confused for PMS. But if fertilization of the egg does not occur, the corpus luteum shrinks after some days. The uterus lining stops thickening due to the decline in progesterone levels, and the shedding of that lining results in your next period.
Even though it is possible to feel pregnancy-related symptoms at 5 DPO and possibly be pregnant, it is too early for most women to know if they are indeed pregnant or not. If a viable sperm has fertilized the egg, it means that implantation is still taking place, and at 5 DPO, it could still be in progress. Implantation typically happens 6 to 12 days after ovulation. There is no sure way of knowing if implantation has occurred at 5 DPO because the fertilized egg is still travelling to the uterine wall at this time.
Early pregnancy symptoms are much more similar to what you experience when expecting their period due to increased progesterone production. If you experience PMS symptoms such as mood changes or cramping regularly, you may be experiencing 5 DPO symptoms and not know it.
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What are the pregnancy symptoms at 5 days past ovulation?
Progesterone levels drop, and menstruation occurs in a cycle where there is no implantation of a fertilized egg. But if implantation occurs, progesterone continues to be produced and increase in levels, causing symptoms more like those of an impending period. Most women don’t know the difference between signs of the regular menstrual period and symptoms at 5 DPO because most overlap.
5 DPO Symptoms: Cramping
At 5 DPO, implantation is likely to occur because it typically happens from 6-12 days post ovulation. 30% of women experience symptoms during implantation, such as red or light brownish discharge and cramping.
Implantation cramps, just like period cramps, originate in the uterus, and many women say they are mild to moderate pricking, pulling, or tingling sensations in the back or lower abdomen. Implantation cramps, just as the name suggests, occur when a fertilized egg implants itself on the uterine lining, typically between 6-12 DPO. In contrast, you cannot feel period cramps until 14 DPO or more.
5 DPO Symptoms: Bleeding
Bleeding is one of the early pregnancy signs and, in most cases, is considered normal. It is usually lighter in colour and flow compared to the typical period. About 15 to 25% of women experience spotting, bleeding, or brownish discharge during early days post ovulation. Bleeding may occur due to something such as cervical irritation or the implantation process. It should be light inflow and not last more than several hours or 1-2 days.
5 DPO Symptoms: Constipation
In early pregnancy, women experience hormonal changes due to the increase in progesterone levels that can disrupt the functions of the digestive system. Progesterone is the reproductive hormone that helps to relax the smooth muscles such as uterus walls, but it can have some knock-on effects. As progesterone levels keep rising, the smooth muscles found in your digestive tract are affected, and you may start noticing changes in your digestion, such as constipation or bloating.
5 DPO Symptoms: Mood changes
When you’re pregnant, you will experience a sudden rush of hormones flooding the body. Such changes occur because your body is preparing for the growth of your baby. Estrogen and progesterone rise dramatically, and after implantation, the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone also increases, and you start the unpleasant roller coaster of physiological and hormonal changes. These hormones work together to assist the development of your pregnancy. Unfortunately, the side effect could be mood swings or classic irritability during pregnancy.
5 DPO Symptoms: Nausea
The exact cause of nausea is unknown, but hormonal changes are presumed to be the leading cause during early pregnancy. About 80% of women experience nausea, and it can start very early.
Most people experience nausea weeks into their pregnancy. The American Pregnancy Association reports that 4 out of 5 women say pregnancy-related nausea before missing their period. It means that some may experience nausea as early as 5 DPO. However, it may also be because of high progesterone production in the luteal phase.
5 DPO Symptoms: Fatigue
High progesterone levels during pregnancy can cause extreme tiredness and fatigue. Fatigue is among the most noticeable symptoms of early pregnancy. As early as 1 week after conception, one may start noticing unusual exhaustion and tiredness. Your body works hard due to an increase in hormone levels, and you can feel exhausted even when you have had enough sleep.
What to do if you have no symptoms at 5 days past ovulation?
Early signs of pregnancy are much more similar to those of an impending period, and it is not easy to know the difference between the two. You may be expectant but experience no symptoms at 5 DPO. It is not a cause for concern or considered to be abnormal. Most women go through pregnancy symptoms 1-2 weeks after missing their period. Even though some symptoms are common during this time, it is normal not to experience any.
When should you test?
It can feel like torture to wait 1-2 weeks after missing your period to take a pregnancy test, but doing the test too early increases the chances of the results being false-negative. Fertilization may have occurred at 5 DPO, but it is simply too early to get a reliable test result. Home pregnancy tests work by detecting levels of hCG hormone that appear in urine and blood after implantation (takes place anywhere between 6-12 days after ovulation). It does not mean you are pregnant, but you need to take more time for your hormone levels to build up.
What does it mean to get a Big Fat Positive (BFP) at 5 DPO?
When you take a home pregnancy test and get a positive result, it means that your body has enough detectable hCG hormone. In rare cases, it could happen because of medication, menopause, or problem with the ovaries and not pregnancy. Given the timeline of conception, it is close to impossible to get a BFP at 5 DPO. A Big Fat Positive at 5 days post ovulation may be an indication of incorrect testing, and you should repeat the test in 3 to 4 days.
Can you get Big Fat Negative (Big Fat Negative) at 5 DPO and still be pregnant?
At 5 DPO, it is possible to get BFN, but it is not a sign that you are not pregnant. It means that it is too early to tell, given that the egg is still travelling to the uterine wall at this time. Hormone levels are low making it impossible for a home pregnancy test to detect. You will get unreliable test results when you test at 5 DPO. There are high chances of getting a Big Fat Negative. If you’re too eager to do the test and get a BFN but have not yet missed your period, it is best to wait before taking another test. Ideally, for accurate results, do the following test on the first day after missing your period.