IUD Side Effects and Complications
Most women choose IUD (intrauterine device) for contraception. It is an effective birth control method that can last up to 10 years. The device is inserted into the uterus using a simple procedure.
Moreover, the procedure is safe – and there are no major complications. There are two main types of IUDs available – copper IUDs or hormonal IUDs both options are available in Australia. Your gynecologist may prescribe you an IUD based on your suitability. At times, IUDs can have an impact on your periods.
Especially copper coil can lead to excessive menstrual bleeding in women. But hormonal IUDs help reduce menstrual pain, and most women experience side effects in the first few months after the insertion procedure.
If you’re planning to use the contraceptive method, you must know about IUDs’ side effects and complications.
Common Side effects of IUD:
After insertion of the IUD, most women can experience irregular bleeding for several months. Though it also depends on individual body type, some experience lighter periods or shorter periods.
Initially, there could be spotting on periods, which are a part of side effects. Besides, some women could experience no periods after a few weeks of the procedure. Another possible side effect is a common headache.
Some may also experience breast tenderness and nausea. These side effects are classic signs of pre-menstrual syndrome women experience every month.
Side effects of Kyleena Intrauterine device
Kyleena is a popular hormonal IUD – and most women prefer it. However, there are many side effects associated with the device.
- It causes inflammation in the outer part of the vagina – and can also cause pelvic pain.
- It causes headaches in the first few days after the procedure.
- Painful periods for most women.
- A sore breast is also a common problem with the device.
According to the manufacturer of the device – more than 22% of women who use Kyleena experience ovarian cysts. Though the cysts may go within a time frame, they can cause discomfort and pain in the pelvic area.
The device increases ectopic pregnancy in women, which is where the egg implants outside the womb.
Side effects of Mirena IUD:
Mirena is a hormonal IUD and one of the most commonly used in Australia – and it releases the synthetic hormone progestin to prevent conception. The placement of the device could result in some possible side effects like:
- Pain and bleeding after the insertion. Some women also feel dizzy after the procedure is over. However, the side effects usually go away after an hour or so.
- Missed periods or irregular periods are common side effects. At times, women may experience heavy periods.
- Bleeding can be less or more in the initial six months of the procedure.
- More than 12% of women who use the device may suffer from ovarian cysts.
Side effects of Paragard IUD:
Paragard has a copper coating – so it does not secrete hormones. The coating acts as a deterrent for sperm. However, it can still cause side effects like:
- Allergic reactions to the device. Women who have sensitive skin can experience a reaction to the device after the procedure.
- It can cause a backache a few days after the procedure.
- Some instances also cause low blood pressure or dizziness.
- Most women experience menstrual-like cramps and pain.
- There could be pain during sex, which could result in pelvic pain later on.
- Getting pregnant after the IUD is removed can take longer.
Complications of Skyla Intrauterine device:
Skyla IUD has many side effects, which include:
- Missed menstrual periods or ovarian cysts.
- Ectopic pregnancy risk if a woman becomes pregnant while using the IUD.
According to the manufacturer, one in sixteen will stop having a menstrual cycle after a year of using an IUD.
Rare complications of using IUD:
In rare cases, women may experience expulsion. It is when the device comes out of the uterus accidentally. However, if it falls out of place – your doctor may re-plant the device.
Uterine perforation is a condition where the device may puncture the uterine wall. Following this, you may experience severe bleeding and infection in the uterus.
Managing the IUD side effects
- Your doctor may prescribe you over-the-counter pain relief medications like naproxen or ibuprofen to reduce the pain.
- You can apply warm heat below the belly button to reduce the pain. It also helps to relieve cramping and discomfort.
- You need to wear loose-fitting clothes after the procedure and days following it.
- You can wear pads or panty liners to absorb bleeding or spotting after the procedure.
Most women experience side effects like headaches and menstrual pain after the insertion. But if you notice unusual side effects, you must visit your doctor for further examination.