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Folic Acid: The Effect on Male and Female Fertility

Folic Acid: The Effect on Male and Female Fertility

If you’ve been researching fertility supplements, you’ve almost certainly come across suggestions for folic acid. Folate (folic acid, as it is called in supplement form) is a B vitamin required to create red blood cells and DNA synthesis, and Folate is also required for cell division. Low folate levels in the blood are connected with a specific kind of anemia.

Folic acid is unquestionably a necessary component of the body. However, may folic acid aid in conception? Should guys take folic acid as well? Should you use a supplement, or can you meet your nutritional requirements via food alone?

Can folic acid increase fertility?
Can folic acid increase fertility?

Common names for Folic Acid

Vitamin B9 is known by many different names worldwide, but the most common name the vitamin is referred to in Australia is Folic acid. Below are some of the other common names for folate you might come across

  • Folate
  • Vitamin B9
  • Folacin
  • Folvite
  • Vitamin M
  • Tetrahydrofolic acid

Male Fertility and Folic Acid

Folic acid, or folate, is a well-known need for women of reproductive age. (See below for further information on female fertility and folate.) However, may folate help male fertility? We require an egg and sperm before we can create an embryo.

While women are born with all of their eggs, men’s bodies produce sperm daily. Indeed, every second, 1,500 new sperm cells are “born.”

The transformation of a germline stem cell into a sperm cell takes around 70 days. Folate is a necessary nutrient for cell division and DNA synthesis.

Folate levels in sperm have been linked to sperm count and sperm health. According to one research, reduced folate levels in the sperm were related to decreased sperm DNA stability. As a result of this, we may deduce that folate is critical for sperm health.

Sperm Count and Supplementation

Could supplementing with Vitamin B9 help you increase your sperm count?. According to one research, folic acid and zinc supplementation for 26 weeks boosted total sperm count in viable and subfertile males. Indeed, it raised the average total sperm count by 74%.

Additionally, this research discovered that, prior to supplementation, seminal folate and zinc levels were not substantially different between fertile and sub-fertile males. This may imply that supplementation was beneficial even when folate deficiency was not the cause of low sperm counts.

While the study is continuing, it seems as if there is a link between folic acid and sperm health. On the other hand, folic acid is not a “cure-all” for severe instances of male infertility.

Separate research examined the effects of folic acid and zinc supplementation in males with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). OAT is characterised by low sperm counts, unusually poor motility (sperm movement), and a low fraction of properly shaped sperm.

This research discovered that supplementation with folate and zinc had no discernible effect on these men’s sperm health.

How much should you take if you opt to supplement?

How much folate do I need to improve my fertility?. To increase your sperm quality, the recommended dose of folic acid is 400mg either by supplement or by increasing folate in your diet. If you decide to take a supplement with Vitamin B9 either by a multivitamin or by taking a “male prenatal” vitamin

We recommend taking Conceive Plus Men’s Fertility Support as it is a well balanced male prenatal vitamin: This male prenatal has been designed with reproductive health at the forefront. This prenatal is highly recommended since it includes folic acid in addition to zinc, vitamin C, vitamin D, selenium, L-Arginine and L-Carnitine, all of which have been shown to promote male fertility.

How much folate do I need to improve my fertility? male
Conceive Plus, Men’s Fertility Support, will assist in increasing your libido & Impotence & erectile dysfunction improve. One of the best prenatal vitamins in Australia

Female Fertility and Folic Acid

Women who do not consume an adequate amount of folic acid are at an increased risk of having a baby with a neural tube abnormality. When we examine how a fetus begins—a single cell that divides endlessly—it seems reasonable that folic acid may assist in ensuring proper cell division and hence proper prenatal development.

Spina bifida, anencephaly, and encephalocele are all examples of neural tube abnormalities that occur in around 4.6 per 10,000 each year in Australia. At best, these congenital malformations may result in permanent incapacity; at worst, they can result in premature death.

If you have a family history of neural tube disorders, your chance of having a kid with one of these birth problems is increased even more.

While Vitamin B9 cannot completely prevent certain birth abnormalities, it has been observed that supplementing with folic acid before conception and during early pregnancy may reduce the risk of these congenital disabilities by up to 60%. (For further information on supplements, see below.) Additional potential advantages of folic acid supplementation include the following:

  • A decrease in the likelihood of congenital heart abnormalities
  • Reduced risk of preterm delivery and low-birth-weight newborns
  • Increased progesterone levels and a decreased risk of infertility

There are several reasons why women who are attempting to conceive should ensure they are getting adequate folate.

Folic Acid-Rich Foods

Due to the link between folate deficiency and birth abnormalities, the majority of bread and cereals in Australia are fortified with folic acid, which has led to a 14% drop in Neural tube defects. Enriched cereals and pieces of bread are probably the simplest methods to increase your folic acid intake.

Daily Recommendation For your information, the recommended daily consumption of folic acid is as follows:

  • 400 mcg for males and 400 mcg for women 14 years and older, 500 mcg for nursing mothers
  • Pregnant women should take 600 mcg. 400 mcg to 1,000 mcg daily is advised for women who are attempting to conceive. If there is a family history of autism or developmental delays, your doctor may suggest a more significant dose of 2,000 mcg daily.

Apart from your daily bowl of fortified cereal, here are ten folic acid-rich foods:

  • Four spears cooked asparagus: 89 mcg
  • 0.5 cup raw avocado: 59 mcg
  • 85 grams beef liver: 215 mcg
  • Half a cup cooked black-eyed peas: 105 mcg
  • 0.5 cooked broccoli: 52 mcg
  • Half a cup boiling Brussels sprouts: 78 mcg
  • 1.0 cup shredded Romaine lettuce: 64 mcg
  • 0.5 cup boiling spinach: 131 mcg
  • 1 cup raw spinach: 58 mcg
  • 0.5 cup cooked white rice: 90 mcg
How can I increase my folic acid naturally?
How can I increase my folate naturally?

Supplements with Folic Acid

Despite cereal and bread fortification, the majority of women still do not consume enough folic acid. Due to the fact that many pregnancies occur unexpectedly and this vitamin must be there prior to conception, the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) advises that all women of reproductive age take a daily supplement containing at least 400 micrograms of folate.

The recommended daily dose of Vitamin B9 is increased to 600 mcg when pregnant. Your doctor may prescribe taking a prenatal vitamin or a daily multivitamin while you are trying to conceive. Simply verify that the multivitamin includes at least 400 micrograms of folic acid.

If you have a family history of neural tube abnormalities, your doctor may prescribe that you take between 4,000 and 5,000 micrograms of folic acid daily. Due to the fact that these levels exceed the suggested maximum limits, you should only take this high dosage under the guidance of a physician.

Daily Consumption Is Critical

Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin, which means that it must be replenished in the body on a regular basis. To get the finest benefits, take your supplement on a regular basis. According to one research, the effects of folic acid supplementation were not seen when taken twice a week or less.

Folic Acid Supplementation Risks

There is such a thing as too much of a good thing. Unless directed otherwise by a physician, your daily supplements should not include more than 1,000 mcg of folic acid.

Taking excessive amounts of Vitamin B9 may mask a vitamin B-12 deficiency, which may result in permanent harm if not detected early. Before starting you on high-dose folate pills, your doctor should check your B-12 levels.

Additionally, there is the worry that large amounts of folate may actually impair sperm DNA synthesis.

Folic acid may have an adverse effect when used with other drugs. Folic acid, for example, may impair the efficiency of the anti-seizure medication phenytoin. Additionally, several fertility mixes include herbs that may interfere with reproductive medications. Therefore, consult your physician before commencing any supplements.

Is folate good for male fertility?
Is folate good for male fertility?

Final Thoughts

Vitamin B9 is a critical nutrient for men and women alike. Consuming an adequate amount of folic acid may help reduce the chance of birth abnormalities and may boost men’s sperm count.

They manufacture fertility pills for men and women attempting to conceive, but not all of them are created equal. Some may include substances that are hazardous to your health, interfere with medications you are already taking, or even be dangerous. Before initiating supplementing, always see your doctor, and keep your health care team informed of any vitamins, herbs, or other supplements you are taking.

Folic acid studies have shown to increase sperm concentration significantly & when taking Folic acid lowers the risk of early miscarriage