If you’re trying to conceive, it is normal for you and your partner to be curious about what happens inside your body days after your fertile window. You are likely anxious to take a pregnancy test to confirm if you are pregnant or not. In other cases, you may wonder if some of the things you experience shortly after ovulation may be pregnancy symptoms; read on to learn what’s happening in your body at 4 days post ovulation (DPO).
The surest way to know if you are pregnant is to take a home test after missing your period. However, some women may start experiencing symptoms as early as four days past ovulation (4 DPO).
Here is all you need to know about possible symptoms four days past ovulation, what is happening in your body, and when to plan to find out if you’re pregnant.
What is happening to your body at 4 DPO?
If you find out you are pregnant 4 DPO (4 days past ovulation), it is a sign that a viable sperm has fertilised your egg to form a zygote. A zygote is a scientific term used to refer to a fertilised egg cell. The zygote then moves down to your fallopian tubes and further to the uterus for implantation. During this journey, the zygote grows and develops into an embryo. Your embryo will have about 50 to 60 cells.
It is unlikely that implantation has already happened as early as 4 DPO, but your body may start producing progesterone, which increases when pregnant. The hormones help prepare your uterine lining and uterus for implantation.
What are the pregnancy symptoms and 4 days past ovulation?
Four days after you ovulate is too early to experience significant pregnancy symptoms. However, there is still a likelihood that you may experience some minor signs because of high progesterone levels in your body.
It is vital to know that most of the signs you experience are close to those you get during the second half of your period or menstrual cycle. Doing a pregnancy test at the correct time is the best way to determine if you’re pregnant. Below are five early pregnancy signs you may likely experience at 4 DPO.
4 DPO: Nausea
Nausea is a common symptom of pregnancy during the early stages. For example, you may experience a general sense of sickness, the urge to throw up, and mild dizziness around food. Like other early pregnancy symptoms, nausea happens due to increased hormone levels.
However, it is not a must to experience nausea at 4 DPO, but that does not mean that conception has not happened. It is still too early for most women to experience nausea. It is not a cause for worry because your hormone levels will rise with time, and if you have conceived, you will start experiencing such symptoms.
4 DPO: Cramps
There is a small likelihood that cramps four days past ovulation could be an early sign of pregnancy.
Even though it happens, it is highly unlikely because cramping occurs during ovulation just before menstruation. It is hard to know the exact cause of cramps at 4 DPO. Therefore, it means cramping is not a reliable sign and cannot be considered an indication that you are pregnant.
Cramps during this time could be a result of an increase in hormones. The shell that surrounds the egg, known as corpus luteum, secretes oestrogen and progesterone that cause the uterus to be thick and ready to accommodate a growing embryo.
High levels of progesterone can cause cramping. The side effect of this hormone is slowing down digestion, which can cause discomfort in your lower stomach. Most women feel nothing during implantation, while others say they experience cramping.
Implantation cramping could best describe a feeling similar to a tingling sensation on the lower back or one side of the abdomen.
4 DPO: Breast tenderness
As early as 4 DPO, breast tenderness could be a possible pregnancy symptom. For example, your breasts may feel sensitive to touch or heavier than usual, or you may experience frequent sharp or throbbing pain during the day. It happens due to changing hormones because your body is adjusting in preparation for pregnancy.
High levels of progesterone and oestrogen contribute to breast tenderness. Other factors, such as tissue build-up, milk glands, fat, and increased blood flow to the area, contribute to breast tenderness. All these changes prepare your body to produce milk for your baby.
Seek advice from a medical professional or a doctor immediately if the tenderness becomes unbearable or extreme.
4 DPO: Bloating
Some women may experience bloating as an early sign of pregnancy at 4 DPO. It could feel like stomach discomfort, gas, pain, and a feeling of ”fullness” in your stomach.
Bloating happens because the uterine lining is preparing to carry a baby. Oestrogen hormone begins to rise, and soon after, progesterone kicks in.
High levels of oestrogen cause more water retention in women. Water retention causes bloating. High progesterone levels slow down your intestines, causing potential bloat, gas, and constipation.
4 DPO: Fatigue
It is possible to feel exhausted, tired, and weary during pregnancy, at times as early as 4 DPO. Fatigue is not a definitive sign that you are pregnant. However, it is related to pregnancy due to the rise of hormones in the body.
Hormonal changes at 4 DPO are the most likely cause of fatigue. At this time, your body produces more blood to carry nutrients to nourish and grow your baby. Your blood pressure and sugar levels are lower. You also experience increased progesterone levels, which is the most likely cause of making you feel sleepy.
Apart from physical changes in your body, you may experience decreased energy due to emotional changes. Anxiety and worrying about your baby’s health and motherhood lead to conflicting feelings that cause fatigue.
What do you do if you have no symptoms four days past ovulation?
Don’t panic if you haven’t experienced any early pregnancy symptoms at four days past ovulation (4 DPO). Remember that most women don’t experience signs this early, so there is no reason to worry.
You and your partner should relax because doing a pregnancy test is the best way to know if you are pregnant.
When should you test for early pregnancy?
You should do a pregnancy test a day or two after missing your period because it is when you will get the most accurate results.
You may be pregnant at 4 DPO, but your body will not have produced enough hormones for a home kit to detect. Resist the urge to do a pregnancy test at 4 DPO to avoid unnecessary disappointments.
What does it mean to get BFP at 4 DPO?
At 4 DPO, getting a ”Big Fat Positive” or BFP is rare. Implantation is likely incomplete during this time, and a home pregnancy test cannot detect your hCG levels.
However, if you do the test and receive a BFP 4 days post-ovulation, there is a high chance that you might be pregnant. It would be best to wait until you miss your period and do another test to verify your results.
If you suspect you may be pregnant during this time, avoid smoking or drinking because such activities can harm a developing foetus.
Can you get BFN at 4 DPO and still be pregnant?
Yes. It is possible to get a ”Big Fat Negative” or BFN at 4 DPO and later find out you’re pregnant. For this reason, you are advised to consider testing after missing your period because before then, it is too early to tell.
At 4 DPO, there is still a high likelihood that your fertilised egg is still travelling to your fallopian tube and then to your uterus. Implantation may have begun, but your body has not yet started producing hCG at a rate that a home pregnancy test can detect.
Many women don’t experience symptoms four days post ovulation. However, if you’re trying to conceive, you will be more sensitive towards your body changes. You may confuse the changes to be signs of early pregnancy.
If you receive a BFN, don’t feel discouraged. The best thing you can do is wait it out, maintain a healthy pre-pregnancy diet, and then do another test after you miss your period.
Evan is the founder of Fertility2Family and is passionate about fertility education & providing affordable products to help people in their fertility journey. Evan is a qualified enrolled nurse and has expertise in guiding & managing patients through their fertility journeys.