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Can You Have Too Much Cervical Mucus?

The volume of vaginal secretions, consistency and even odour may shift significantly throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle. This is because vaginal secretions are produced by the cervical glands, which also produce cervical mucus and cervical fluid. Some women monitor the mucus in their cervix to assist in ovulation prediction, so they may plan their sexual activity to boost or reduce their chances of becoming pregnant.

Even if you aren’t actively attempting to conceive a child or avoid becoming pregnant, knowing the type of cervical mucus you should anticipate, when it should occur, and what is usual may be helpful. You can monitor your general reproductive health better if you understand your cycle and the changes in the vaginal discharges and cervical mucus that occur throughout the cycle.

 What Does It Mean If I'm Having a Lot of Vaginal Discharge?
What Does It Mean If I’m Having a Lot of Vaginal Discharge?

The Role of Cervical Mucus in Fertility

Cervical mucus plays a crucial role in fertility and conception. It serves as a medium that facilitates the movement of sperm towards the egg. The consistency and volume of cervical mucus change throughout the menstrual cycle, reflecting the body’s hormonal fluctuations. In Australia, many women use ovulation prediction kits to track these changes and identify their most fertile days. However, it’s important to note that having a lot of cervical mucus doesn’t necessarily mean a higher chance of conception. The quality of the mucus, rather than the quantity, is what matters most.

The Influence of Hydration on Cervical Mucus

Hydration plays a significant role in the production of cervical mucus. When the body is well-hydrated, it can produce cervical mucus more effectively. In Australia, healthcare professionals often advise women trying to conceive to drink plenty of water to support optimal cervical mucus production. However, it’s important to note that while hydration can influence the volume of cervical mucus, it does not necessarily affect its quality or fertility-enhancing properties.

Changes in the Cervical Mucus Cycle That Are Normal

After getting your period, the cervical discharge will go through several phases, lasting between one and three days. Immediately after your menstruation, you will dry for several days. Then, you will start getting a little sticky mucus, and eventually, it will become creamy like lotion. Next, you may notice that the mucus is growing more moist and watery, which will ultimately turn to match the consistency of raw egg white. This is the phase in your cycle when you often experience the greatest vaginal discharge.

It is common to experience anywhere from one to five days of egg-white vaginal mucus shortly before ovulation, which occurs around the middle of a regular cycle. Luteinising hormone (LH) and oestrogen peaks in a healthy woman occur shortly before ovulation. An increase and change in the cervical mucus accompany this peak. The degree to which an increase in cervical mucus varies significantly from person to person.

After one to five days of increased cervical fluid, there will be a decrease in fluids. During this time, the mucus turns sticky and dry once again just before the onset of menstruation. At this phase, a woman is said to be premenstrual. On the other hand, some women notice that they have another episode of egg-white vaginal mucus immediately before their periods start.

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Variations of the Cervical Mucus in the Vaginal Canal

Cervical fluids might vary from person to person for various reasons, even though each individual’s biology is unique. Discuss this with your healthcare practitioner if you are having trouble keeping track of your cervical mucus or if you detect a dramatic divergence from what is usual.

Understanding the Variations in Cervical Mucus

Several factors, including hormonal changes, diet, stress, and underlying health conditions, can influence the variations in cervical mucus. In Australia, healthcare professionals often advise women to monitor these changes as part of their fertility awareness. It’s important to remember that while variations are normal, drastic changes in the colour, consistency, or volume of cervical mucus could indicate a potential health issue and should be discussed with a healthcare provider.

Age on Cervical Mucus

Age can also impact the production and quality of cervical mucus. As women age, hormonal changes can decrease cervical mucus volume and fertility-enhancing properties. In Australia, fertility specialists often discuss these changes with women trying to conceive later. They may recommend fertility treatments or supplements that can help improve the quality of cervical mucus and enhance fertility.

Infections of the Vaginal Tract

It is essential to differentiate between normal vaginal secretions from your hormone cycle and vaginal discharge from an illness. Vaginal mucus that is healthy will be clear or slightly yellowish. However, if the discharge is green or grey with an offensive odour or you experience irritation or itchiness, it might indicate infection.

Visit your primary care doctor for an examination and potential therapy if the consistency of your vaginal discharge is more like cottage cheese. You should also do the same if it smells unpleasant, rises dramatically or abruptly, or experience itchiness or discomfort.

Reactions That Cause Inflammation

Sometimes the tissues of the vagina or vulva might be sensitive to cleansers, clothes, or other materials, which can create an allergic response or contact irritation in the vaginal or vulva region. Itching and soreness are the most common symptoms. However, an increase in discharge is also possible. Inflammatory diseases, such as DIV (desquamative inflammatory vaginitis) and plasma cell vulvitis (which only affects a small percentage of women), are other potential causes of profuse vaginal discharge.


The vaginal secretions you get during arousal and after having sex are mainly tricky to distinguish from the leftover semen and cervical mucus. All the substances are colourless and mostly have a similar consistency. Although sperm contains water, it does not stretch when you try to pull like fertile vaginal mucus. Egg-white cervical mucus has a viscosity similar to mucus, while residual semen has a more liquid-like quality.

Cervical Mucus and Hormonal Birth Control

Hormonal birth control methods, such as the pill, patch, or intrauterine device (IUD), can significantly affect the production and quality of cervical mucus. These methods work by altering the body’s natural hormone levels, which can lead to changes in cervical mucus. In Australia, women planning to conceive are often advised to discuss their birth control options with their healthcare provider to understand how they may impact their fertility and cervical mucus production.

How long can sperm survive without egg-white cervical mucus?

The Impact of Lifestyle Factors on Cervical Mucus

Lifestyle factors can also impact the production and quality of cervical mucus. For instance, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poor nutrition can negatively affect cervical mucus production. In Australia, healthcare professionals often advise women trying to conceive to maintain a healthy lifestyle to optimise their fertility. This includes eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, avoiding harmful substances, and managing stress effectively.

Medical Issues

It may be difficult to monitor changes in cervical mucus in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) since these women may ovulate less often or not at all (particularly regarding ovulation). Other medical conditions, such as troubles with the thyroid or extreme and prolonged stress, can interfere with ovulation and the generation, quality, and amount of cervical mucus.

Cancers that originate in the reproductive system are very uncommon. On the other hand, abnormal bleeding or a vaginal discharge might sometimes indicate a female reproductive cancer (such as cervical, uterine, or ovarian cancer).

When you initially begin using hormonal birth control, and your body adapts to the changes in hormone levels, you may notice an increase in vaginal mucus and discharge. This is particularly common during the first few weeks of treatment.

Cervical Mucus and Assisted Reproductive Techniques

In Australia, assisted reproductive techniques like in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) are often used to help couples struggling with infertility. In these procedures, the role of cervical mucus is bypassed as the sperm is directly introduced into the uterus or combined with the egg in a laboratory. However, understanding the changes in cervical mucus can still benefit women undergoing these treatments as it can provide insights into their hormonal health and ovulation patterns.

What's the difference between vaginal discharge, arousal fluid, and cervical mucus?
Why do I have so much cervical mucus?

Monitoring Cervical Mucus to Time Fertility

Ovulation may be approaching if fertile vaginal mucus is present in the cervix. However, suppose you have many viable-grade vaginal mucus patches during your cycle. In that case, it might be challenging to determine which of these patches suggests that ovulation is about to occur.

In addition to monitoring changes in your cervical mucus, ovulation prediction kits, often known as OPKs, provide an additional method for predicting ovulation before it occurs. This allows you to schedule sexual activity correctly to achieve pregnancy (or to avoid conception if that is your goal). These kits do not provide conclusive evidence that ovulation has a place. Instead, they give a prognosis on the likelihood of ovulation and show that you are experiencing hormonal shifts before ovulation.

Remember that a fertile egg may be used for fertilisation up to three days after ovulation and that sperm can live in the fertile cervical mucus for up to five days. Both of these time frames are longer than the average viability of an egg. Because of this, there is a window of opportunity for conception that lasts many days.

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Understanding the intricacies of your body, particularly the role and variations of vaginal secretions, is a crucial aspect of reproductive health. While this discussion has focused on the changes in vaginal discharge throughout the menstrual cycle, it’s important to remember that these changes are just one piece of a larger, complex puzzle of female fertility.

The journey to conception is a multifaceted process that involves numerous factors, from hormonal fluctuations to lifestyle choices. It’s essential to approach this journey with a comprehensive understanding of your body’s signals and responses. While the volume and consistency of vaginal secretions can provide valuable insights into your fertility window, it’s equally important to consider other factors such as age, hydration, diet, and overall health.

In Australia, various resources and professionals are available to guide you through this journey. From ovulation tests to fertility specialists, you have access to tools and expertise to help you navigate the complexities of conception. Remember, every woman’s body is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Therefore, personalised advice and guidance are key to understanding your body and enhancing fertility.

Finally, while the journey to conception can sometimes be challenging, it’s also an opportunity to connect deeply with your body and its incredible capabilities. So, embrace the journey, arm yourself with knowledge, and remember to seek professional advice when needed.


Fertility2Family only uses trusted & peer-reviewed sources to ensure our articles’ information is accurate and reliable.

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Endeavour College of Natural Health Australia (2019) What you need to know about cervical mucus and fertility: Endeavour College, Endeavour College of Natural Health: Study Natural Health Courses. Available at: (Accessed: 19 October 2023).

Fischer, G. (2001) Treatment of vaginitis and vulvitis, Australian Prescriber. Available at: (Accessed: 19 October 2023).

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Huggies Australia (2019) Basal body temperature chart for ovulation – Huggies Australia, Huggies Nappies & Baby Wipes. Available at: (Accessed: 19 October 2023).

Kin Fertility Australia (2023) Your guide to cervical mucus and signs that you’re ovulating: Kin fertility, Kin Fertility Australia. Available at: (Accessed: 19 October 2023).

Simonetta, C., Burns, E.K., and Guo, M.A. (2015) Vulvar dermatoses: A review and update, Missouri Medicine. Available at: (Accessed: 19 October 2023).

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Song, M. et al. (2022) Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis and plasma cell vulvitis represent a spectrum of hemorrhagic vestibulovaginitis, Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease. Available at: (Accessed: 19 October 2023).

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Evan Kurzyp

Evan is the founder of Fertility2Family and is passionate about fertility education & providing affordable products to help people in their fertility journey. Evan is a qualified Registered Nurse and has expertise in guiding & managing patients through their fertility journeys.

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