Early Ovulation: Why & how it can impact conception
There are a lot of frequently asked questions surrounding early ovulation; how early can you ovulate? What causes early ovulation? Early ovulation & getting pregnant.
Early ovulation can potentially cause problems if you are considering getting pregnant. In this article, we cover all the FAQs about getting pregnant when ovulating early in your cycle. But before we go into the details, let’s understand what it means.
Early ovulation Symptoms
If we consider a typical 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs roughly in the middle of the cycle, around day 14. According to most fertility experts, the fertility window falls in this period. That being said, the time frame is not that precise. Ovulation happens anytime between 12-16 days of the menstrual cycle.
Each woman is different concerning the menstrual cycle and hence, the ovulatory phase. With typical menstrual cycles ranging from 21 to 35 days, you can expect ovulation between the 11th and 21st days of the cycle. As is evident from this, the fertility window will also vary accordingly.
A menstrual cycle lasting 21 days or lesser, is considered to be short, but it is not very common among women.
Many factors can potentially shorten your menstrual cycle. These include:
- Mental Stress
- Illness such as flu
- Fluctuation in your weight within a relatively short time
- Changes in hormonal levels and hormone medications
- Fibroids in the uterus
One of the more important factors, however, is your age.
Women who are undergoing perimenopause, tend to experience shorter and irregular cycles till menopause is reached.
It is imperative to pay close attention to when ovulation happens, especially if you are experiencing shorter cycles.
Many signs indicate that you are in the ovulatory phase of your cycle. There are many methods and products available in the market that can help you determine your peak fertility window. From daily basal temperature measurement to ovulation predictor kits (OPK), many methods are available at your disposal to predict your fertility window.
Basal body temperature (BBT) measurement is one of the simplest methods to determine your fertility window. Your basal body temperature can increase by as much as 0.4 degrees over 48 hours during the peak fertility period. If you keep track of your BBT, you can make an educated guess regarding the best time to conceive.
If you happen to ovulate before day 11 of your menstrual cycle, it is an indication that you have a short cycle, and it might affect your chances of conception.
Conception & early ovulation
The time from the first day of your period to ovulation is called the Follicular phase. Following this phase, your ovary releases an egg, and this phase is called the ovulation phase. The last phase of the menstrual cycle, called the Luteal phase, follows this phase. If you have early ovulation, it means that the follicular phase can be significantly shorter.
A shorter follicular phase can cause problems in conception. Let’s try to understand this, by taking a look at the events leading up to the ovulation.
The menstrual cycle begins when the endometrium lining of your uterus starts to shed, and you begin menstruating. While this is happening for 4-5 days, a hormone called Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) stimulates a few follicles (about 5-20) in the ovary. Out of these, one follicle attains dominance around the 7-day mark, and the rest of the follicles die. The dominant follicle then develops further and starts to prepare itself to release an egg while at the same time releasing another hormone called estrogen.
Estrogen reaches the peak concentration in your blood during the second week of the cycle. Estrogen is a powerful hormone that prepares your uterus to receive the embryo. The uterine mucous changes in consistency so that it can protect the sperm and let it travel to the egg.
Estrogen is also the hormone that rebuilds the endometrium lining of the uterus. A well-developed endometrial lining is crucial for the embedding of the embryo and its proper development.
So, what can be the problem associated with early ovulation?
One of the most obvious effects of early ovulation is the fact that the dominant follicle might not have enough time to develop an egg. Such an egg has significantly lesser chances of fertilization.
Another problem with early ovulation might be the lack of ‘fertile mucous’ formation in the uterus. It might hamper the journey of the sperm to the egg from the vagina, through the uterus to the fallopian tubes. Fertility lubricants can help replicate your natural vaginal lubricants to help prolong sperm mobility and motility, bettering the chance of conception, making it fantastic for couples who are trying to conceive naturally.
Furthermore, the endometrial lining of the uterus, which is crucial for the embedding of the embryo, might not get a chance to fully develop during early ovulation as well. As a result, the chances of a miscarriage can be significantly elevated.
If you think that you have early ovulation and it is keeping you from conceiving, there is no need to get distraught. Just keep reading!
Treatment of early ovulation
The first thing that you should start doing if you suspect having early ovulation is to keep track of your cycle and the time when ovulation happens. If you keep at it for several months, you will start to see a pattern, and it is the right time to consult your physician.
If you keep track of your periods, here are some possible things you might notice:
Irregular cycles are quite common amongst women. There can be several reasons for it, including medical conditions, mental stress, or other health issues. In many cases, these issues resolve quite easily with minimum medical intervention.
If ovulation does not occur during a menstrual cycle, it is called an anovulatory cycle. As there is no egg released from the ovary, it is not possible to conceive during such a cycle. Women having shorter menstrual cycles stand at a higher risk of having anovulatory cycles.
Anovulation can be a major reason for infertility in many women. However, this problem can be resolved by altering your diet. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has conducted several studies establishing a correlation between certain dietary minerals and reproductive hormone levels in women.
Research indicates that an insufficient amount of Sodium (Na) and Manganese (Mn) in the diet can result in anovulatory cycles. Fortunately, these minerals are found in a wide variety of natural food products, including milk and veggies. Hence altering your diet to include such foods can help reduce the anovulatory cycles.
Perimenopause symptoms can begin as early as 8-10 years ahead of the actual menopause. According to Cleveland Clinic, women as young and in their 30s and 40s can experience symptoms of perimenopause.
It is also quite common amongst women that have fewer eggs remaining in the ovaries. It is also possible to get a blood test done to determine whether you have a low egg count. Even in the case of low egg count, there are plenty of special medical treatments to stimulate the egg count.
A shorter cycle can be peculiar to you
There is a strong chance that your body has a predisposition to having a shorter menstrual cycle. Finding out your family history and patterns of menstrual cycles of your mother or grandmother might be helpful in such a case as well. This information can help handle the situation.
Whatever may the reason be, it is always a good idea to consult with your doctor in case that you have a shorter menstrual cycle and early ovulation symptoms. The physicians might be able to help you boost your fertility by natural means such as proper nutrition and supplements. The most important thing to keep in mind is the fact that you might need to change your lifestyle and food preferences if you plan to get a pregnancy test and conceive in the near future.
Conceive Plus Ovulation Support
Conceive Plus Women’s Ovulation & PCOS Support is a specially designed prenatal vitamin to assist with balancing your menstrual cycle & fertility hormones,
- Folic acid
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