Late Ovulation Causes; Symptoms Effects On Pregnancy
You might be trying to conceive, but late ovulation is becoming a cause of concern for you. You need to understand late ovulation in detail so that you would know what’s causing the delay in your case.
Understanding when you ovulate is important, it can help you understand the right time to conceive.
What Is Late Ovulation?
To understand late ovulation, you have to understand your menstrual cycle. There are three phases in your menstrual cycle. The first one is the follicular phase. It starts on the first day of the period and lasts until you ovulate. The length of this phase varies for every woman.
During the follicular phase, there are follicles in the ovary that hold eggs and only one egg matures and becomes dominant. Now, the next phase is ovulation that lasts for 12-14 hours. It’s a small window that opens and you are the most fertile and have the highest chance to get pregnant.
During the ovulation phase, the dominant follicle breaks and releases an egg that travels to the uterus through the fallopian tube. So the egg has finally exited from the ovary.
The empty follicle turns into corpus lutetium in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Progesterone hormone is produced that’s preparing the uterus for pregnancy. When the egg meets the sperm, it leads to fertilization, but if implantation doesn’t happen you get the period as the uterine line starts to shed. So the luteal phase lasts between the ovulation and until you get the next period.
Ask your other female friends, mother, sister, and cousins. You would be amazed to know that each woman cycles lengths are different and thus, the menstrual cycle differs for every woman out there. Let’s say if your menstrual cycle is 28 days then you would ovulate on or around the 14th day of your cycle.
Mostly, it’s okay for ovulation to happen after 14 days, but you would call it late ovulation when it occurs after 21 days.
Let’s discuss some of the causes of late ovulation
What causes late ovulation?
There are many causes of late ovulation. It can be because of hormonal imbalances.
At this point, you might be wondering what’s contributing to the hormonal imbalances? Let’s discuss some of the reasons:
You might have heard from others that it’s not good to take so much stress as it can affect your health. When it comes to your menstrual cycle and late ovulation, stress can be a contributing factor. Stress can affect hormone levels, which in turn affects your menstrual cycle. If you trying to conceive, try to relax as stress can affect your ovulation.
When you are breastfeeding your period might be irregular, light, or you might not get the menstruate at all. Prolactin is a hormone that plays a part in producing milk for your baby and it stops menstruation also. It can delay ovulation too. If you are not getting a period while nursing your child it doesn’t mean that you are not ovulating. You can still get pregnant while breastfeeding, but the chances would be low.
When using oral contraceptives, it would take up to 3 months for ovulation to return to normal. Certain medications can be a contributing factor for late ovulation. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen can affect ovulation. When you are trying to conceive, you must let your doctor know about all the medications that you are using currently. Adopt a healthy lifestyle when you are trying to conceive.
4. Thyroid Disorders
The thyroid, a gland, is located at the front of your neck and regulates hormones that are responsible for metabolism. The pituitary gland produces luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone both of which are fertility hormones.
If there is a thyroid disorder, let’s say if you have an underactive thyroid it would cause hypothyroidism. If you have an overactive thyroid it would cause hyperthyroidism. In any case, it can impact the release of an egg. You can expect possible late ovulation.
5. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
If there is an imbalance in the production of the reproductive hormones of the body then it would lead to polycystic ovarian syndrome. The testosterone production is high during the PCOS thus there would be a delay in the ovulation.
The egg would not develop the way it should. PCOS is common among women and it’s important to discuss the symptoms of PCOS with your doctor. A woman who has PCOS would also experience irregular periods. PCOS can also cause infertility, but it’s treatable.
6. Luteal Phase Defect (LPD)
In a study by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of North Carolina, The length of the luteal phase for most women is 12 days to 14 days. So if the length of the luteal phase is less than 10 days, it’s short!
late ovulation is also possible because of a short luteal phase. Find out the days from the start of ovulation to the day you get your period, it’s the luteal phase length.
Luteal phase defect is treatable as it can cause difficulty in conceiving. Your doctor can guide you better if there is delayed ovulation due to this reason. You can note the length of the luteal phase. Understanding the length of your luteal phase can give you an idea if there is an issue.
Can you ovulate late and still get pregnant?
If you have irregular ovulation and late ovulation it doesn’t mean that you won’t get pregnant. When you ovulate the fertility window is open for a short period. So if you are not sure when you would be most fertile and it’s hard to predict then the chances of getting pregnant gets slim.
Late ovulation & predicting ovulation
There are many ways to predict if you are ovulating one of the easiest ways is to use an ovulation predictor kit. which are specifically designed to help detect ovulation.
Here are some of the other ways to determine if you are ovulating or not:
Basal body temperature – using a basal body thermometer can assist in letting you know if you have ovulated with the spike in your temperature
Cervical mucus – your CM can help tell if you are about to ovulate. you should get egg white cervical mucus (EWCM) prior to ovulation between two and five days before ovulation. Having EWCM doesn’t always mean that you will ovulate but it can indicate you have sufficient estrogen levels during your cycle
All Fertility2Family fertility kits include ovulation strip tests and basal body thermometers.
If you have just started trying to conceive (TTC) consulting a doctor is always the best source of information. If you do not know what is causing your late ovulation or are concerned about your cycle length.
What does late ovulation mean for your period?
You would find it tough to predict your menstrual cycle and you would not know when exactly your period would arrive. It can be tough especially when you are trying to conceive. It’s possible that your period would come as a surprise when you least expect it, especially when your menstrual cycle is irregular and you don’t know when you are going to ovulate. When your menstrual cycle is standard 28 days then you get an idea that you would be ovulating somewhere in between your cycle. It gets tough to manage when you are not sure when you would be expecting your period.
If you are trying to conceive then late ovulation can impact this plus, it also indicates hormonal imbalance so you have to keep an eye on your health. Your doctor can evaluate and assess. Let your doctor know about your situation.
What does it mean for miscarriages?
No evidence shows late ovulation causes miscarriage, but late implantation ( more than 8 to 10 days after ovulation) can be a cause of concern. Sperm and egg unite leading to fertilization. The fertilized egg would try to attach itself to the wall of the uterus. This entire process can take 48 hours to 10 days. Chances of miscarriage can get higher if implantation is late.
late ovulation: When should you see a doctor?
You might be excited to get pregnant. You are trying your best, but it could be hard for you to wait. If there are no underlying health concerns you can try getting pregnant for a year. If you are 35 years or older then try for six months.
If you experience unbearable pain during the period it’s best to discuss with your doctor and rule out the possibility of an underlying concern.
When you feel ovulation pain is it too late in your cycle and you are concerned
If you experience abnormal bleeding for several hours and it’s different from your period, it’s best to see your doctor.
If your menstrual cycle length is more than 35 days or shorter than 21 days, or if you are not getting your period and it’s been three months