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Why Don’t I Have Any Cervical Mucus? Vaginal Dryness Causes

Cervical mucus is essential for pregnancy. Fertile cervical mucus, also known as egg white mucus, is required for sperm to survive and travel from the cervix to the uterus and, ultimately, the fallopian tubes. Some contraceptive treatments might tamper with cervical mucus and prevent conception.

There are several reasons why you might be experiencing vaginal dryness. We explore the potential causes, symptoms and treatments below. Read on to discover more about your cervical mucus and vaginal health.

Vaginal Dryness and cervical mucus
Vaginal dryness can cause infertility.

Overview

The presence of cervical mucous issues in Australian women might impede pregnancy. Mild instances may lengthen the time required to conceive but may not always result in infertility. Serious problems with cervical mucus may need reproductive therapy or hormonal assistance.

When cervical mucus issues prevent a woman from becoming pregnant, it is referred to medically as unfriendly cervical mucus. An abnormal cervical mucus may indicate severe vaginal dryness, difficulties with excessively acidic vaginal secretions, or immunological issues. Age, vaginal infections, adverse drug reactions, and hormone imbalances are some reasons for cervical mucus issues. Certain fertility medicines might induce vaginal dryness difficulties.

The Function of Cervical Mucus in Pregnancy

Cervical mucus is vital for conception because it provides the optimum environment for sperm to flourish and travel freely.

Before ovulation, cervical fluids will rise and become more consistent with raw egg whites. In this state, cervical mucus feeds sperm cells and improves their mobility through the cervical canal.

Issues with the mucus might hinder this process and make conception more challenging.

Causes of Cervical Mucus Hostility

Cervical mucus hostility is a term that may refer to a variety of cervical fluid-related issues.

A thick, dry, or sticky mucus is typically the result of hormonal abnormalities and commonly co-occurs with ovulation issues. The thicker consistency of the cervical mucus might inhibit sperm motility directly. It may be an adverse effect of some medications.

The environment created by acidic mucus is unfavourable to sperm. In addition to hormonal imbalances, a bacterial or yeast infection may also be responsible for acidity.

Inflammatory cells form as a result of an infection. When this occurs in the vaginal or cervical lining, the cells may actively target and destroy sperm. Anti-sperm antibodies are protective proteins produced by the immune system due to a previous infection in which sperm was either present or implicated. Although uncommon, these antibodies may also target and damage sperm.

Vaginal discharge colours: what do they mean?
Image courtesy of The Bright Girl Guide by Demi Spaccavento.

Drug Adverse Effects Can Affect Cervical Mucus

Some drugs Australian people use might cause their cervical mucus to become drier or of worse quality. These medications may include:

  • Antihistamines or anti-allergy drugs;
  • Chest congestion suppressants;
  • Cold and sinus drugs, particularly if you use cough suppressants or antihistamines;
  • Certain sleep aids;
  • Atropine;
  • Several antidepressants and epilepsy medications.

Even though cold and allergy drugs may reduce cervical secretions (just as they can dry up nasal mucus), it is unclear if they might induce infertility. Typically, these medications are used briefly and provide little cause for concern.

If you are worried about the impact of cold medications on your fertility, you might try using a neti pot (with sterile, distilled water) to flush your sinuses. A lotion or aromatherapy treatment with menthol or eucalyptus is another possibility.

Consult your psychiatrist if your antidepressant is drying up your cervical mucus and possibly affecting your libido. There may be other options available. Inform your gynaecologist or reproductive endocrinologist of any medications you take, even if you think they do not affect your fertility. Your primary care doctor and fertility specialist may need to collaborate to determine the optimal treatment for your general health and fertility.

Never stop taking a drug or altering the dose without seeing your doctor.

Effect of Clomid on Cervical Mucus

You may have noted that we included the fertility medicine Clomid in the preceding list. Paradoxically, a medication intended to aid in conception may cause issues with sperm reaching the correct location for conception.

Not all women who use Clomid will suffer issues with substandard mucus. It is more typical to have this side effect with larger Clomid doses. You should inform your doctor if you have vaginal dryness or lack viable mucus while taking Clomid. Your doctor may prescribe oestrogen in suppository form to counter the adverse effects. Another alternative is to use a lubricant that is safe for fertility.

Clomid can affect cervical mucus
Clomid can affect cervical mucus.

Age of Clomid Treatment for Female Infertility

You may have fewer fertile days and lower cervical mucus levels as you age. The amount and the mucus quality might also decrease with age.

You may have experienced up to five days of excellent mucus in your 20s. In your 30s and 40s, you may only get one or two days. Occasionally, the cervical mucus never reaches the consistency of raw egg whites and stays fluid. It will vary considerably from person to person.

Based on their age alone, there is no way to accurately forecast how many days of excellent mucus a person will have. The more days you have of high-quality mucus, the higher your chances of becoming pregnant. 

However, it is still possible to conceive with just one or two days of viable cervical mucus. Regardless of the number of cervical mucus days you have, if you’re over 35 and have been trying to conceive for six months without success, you should test your fertility and seek a professional assessment.

Douching and its Effect on Cervical Mucus

Vaginal douches may wash away the cervical mucus required for conception. Douching may also remove beneficial bacteria, increasing the risk of a vaginal infection.

It is advisable to avoid vaginal douching and feminine deodorants. Even if you’re not attempting to conceive, you should avoid them!

A foul vaginal odour might be a sign of a vaginal infection. If you are concerned, consult your doctor for a checkup. If you have a yeast infection, you may be able to cure it with over-the-counter treatments or, in rare situations, with prescription drugs. Antifungal drugs may induce vaginal irritation and pain, making sexual activity difficult. You may begin attempting to conceive following therapy, which is often brief.

Discussing unpleasant vaginal smells with your doctor may be embarrassing, but it is essential for your general health and fertility. STIs may also cause reproductive issues, such as uterine and fallopian tube infections. The condition must be promptly detected and treated.

Injuries or cervix surgeries may also cause mucus production difficulties. If you have ever had a cervical cone biopsy, you may generate less cervical mucus than before.

Can Being Underweight Affect Cervical Mucus? 

Before ovulation, oestrogen causes an increase in the secretion of mucus. Your oestrogen levels may be low if you are underweight, engage in heavy activity, or are a professional athlete. It may result in lower-quality cervical mucus and ovulation issues. Gaining weight or reducing your workout program may be beneficial.

Hormonal Disproportion

A hormonal imbalance may also contribute to the absence of mucus. If you are not ovulating, your cervical mucus may not be fertile. It is also possible to have an abundance of viable cervical mucus yet not ovulate (known as anovulation), depending on the cause of ovulation issues.

There are a multitude of potential reasons for anovulation. A few examples are thyroid imbalance, hyperprolactinemia, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and primary ovarian insufficiency. The treatment of an anovulatory cycle will differ based on the underlying problem.

Estrogen can affect cervicalmucus
Oestrogen and Progesterone imbalance can cause vaginal dryness

Treatments for vaginal dryness 

Cervical mucus therapy might differ upon diagnosis, dependent on the underlying reasons and other contributing variables (including age, smoking, and medication use). It might include:

  • Your doctor treats any vaginal or cervical infection with an antibiotic or antifungal.
  • Changing the therapy or decreasing the Clomid (clomiphene) dosage.
  • Short-term administration of Ethinyl estradiol, a synthetic oestrogen, increases cervical mucus production and quality.
  • Taking an over-the-counter cough medicine containing guaifenesin, an expectorant known to decrease cervical mucus that may boost fertility but this is debatable.
  • Use a fertility-friendly lubricant if neither infection nor anti-sperm antibodies are present.
  • During Intrauterine insemination, fertility experts introduce the sperm directly into the uterus.

Rarely, if these treatments are unsuccessful and infertility continues, in vitro fertilisation (IVF) may be considered. Despite claims to the contrary, there is no proof drinking more water or consuming less dairy may improve the quality or production of cervical mucus.

What does it mean when your cervical mucus is dry?
What does it mean when your cervical mucus is dry?

Efficacy Enhancements

Vaginal steaming is the traditional use of herbs and steam on the vulva. It’s often used as a postpartum healing aid and boosts cervical mucus. Steaming improves circulation and infuses your womb with vitality.

Studies show that abdominal massages increase cervical mucus via concentrated manipulation and improve circulation. Talk to your healthcare provider and fertility expert about finding a licensed masseuse to help you if advised by them.

Temporary Repairs

The following recommendations do not address the underlying reason for the lack of cervical mucus. Still, they are typically effective if a lack of mucus impedes your chances of conceiving.

Conceive Plus fertility lubricant is pH-matched for sperm (and fertile cervical fluid). Using it during sexual activity may eliminate the requirement for viable mucus while attempting to conceive.

A few days of Mucinex use before ovulation will increase all forms of mucus in the body. For some, it is sufficient to result in pregnancy. If none of these methods is effective and you ovulate frequently, IUI might be a viable alternative.

For further information, contact the team at Fertility2Family today to learn more about your fertility journey and how we can help.

Sources:

Fertility2Family only uses trusted & peer-reviewed sources to ensure our articles’ information is accurate and reliable.

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Evan Kurzyp

Evan is the founder of Fertility2Family and is passionate about fertility education & providing affordable products to help people in their fertility journey. Evan is a qualified Registered Nurse and has expertise in guiding & managing patients through their fertility journeys.

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